What is Safety

What is Safety?

Definition as per Cambridge English dictionary:

Safety:state in which or a place where you are safe and not in danger or at risk.

As per Merriam Webster Dictionary:

Safety:  freedom from harm or danger: the state of being safe

The condition of being safe from undergoing or causing hurt, injury, or loss

As per ILO:

As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) “occupational health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on primary prevention of hazards. Health has been defined as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Occupational health is a multidisciplinary field of healthcare concerned with enabling an individual to undertake their occupation, in the way that causes least harm to their health. Health has been defined as it contrasts, for example, with the promotion of health and safety at work, which is concerned with preventing harm from any incidental hazards, arising in the workplace.

Occupational safety and health (OSH) also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS) or workplace health and safety (WHS) is an area concerned with the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The goals of occupational safety and health programs include fostering a safe and healthy work environment.OSH may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, and many others who might be affected by the workplace environment. In the United States the term occupational health and safety is referred to as occupational health and occupational and non-occupational safety and includes safety for activities outside work.

In common-law jurisdictions, employers have a common law duty to take reasonable care for the safety of their employees.Statute law may build upon this to impose additional general duties, introduce specific duties and create government bodies with powers to regulate workplace safety issues: details of this will vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction.

In India, the Labor Ministry formulates national policies on occupational safety and health in factories and docks with advice and assistance from Directorate General of Factory Advice Service and Labor Institutes (DGFASLI), and enforces its Policies through inspectorates of factories and inspectorates of dock safety.DGFASLI is the technical arm of the Ministry of Labor & Employment, Government of India and advises the factories on various problems concerning safety, health, efficiency and well – being of the persons at work places. The DGFASLI provides technical support in formulating rules, conducting occupational safety surveys and also for conducting occupational safety training programs.

Safety Culture: Following Graph is extended version of H W Heinrich famous triangle for Safety developed in 1930. It shows “How leadership action performs a crucial role in controlling Incidents and creating a Safety Culture”.


What is Safety?